Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Characinae
Etymology: Acestrocephalus: Greek, agkistron = hook + Greek, kepahle = head (Ref. 45335); maculosus: From the Latin adjective maculosus, meaning spotted, in reference to the dark spots and stripes on the body of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: known only from the tributaries of the upper Tocantins in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL (female)
soft rays: 29 - 31;
Vertebrae: 39 - 41. Can be distinguished by having dark blotch at the humeral region, a character shared only with Acestrocephalus boehlkei and Acestrocephalus stigmatus. Differs from Acestrocephalus stigmatus by having 25-27 anal-fin rays (vs. 29-31), and 7-8
gill-rakers (vs. 5-6). This species has a quite peculiar general structure of the pseudotympanum which differs from that of Acestrocephalus stigmatus and all the other species of Acestrocephalus examined. Acestrocephalus maculosus has very reduced muscular hiatus as a result of the great development of the obliquus superioris muscle covering the anterior portion of the swim bladder. This makes the opening anterior to
first pleural rib, this and the second pleural rib as well as the obliquus inferioris muscle not visible (Ref. 75890).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Menezes, N.A., 2006. Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00417 - 0.02400), b=3.08 (2.87 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .