Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 55763). Tropical; 27°N - 50°S, 113°W - 7°W (Ref. 56016)
Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28023); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
soft rays: 10 - 12. Color dark brown, becoming lighter ventrally. Six vertical stripes of about eye diameter in width on the sides, the first running from the top of the head and the sixth from the posterior base of the dorsal fin.
Adults inhabit rocky inshore reefs exposed to wave action (Ref. 9334). Omnivorous (Ref. 9334). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.9 - 29.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 227 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02399 (0.01036 - 0.05553), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 64.6 [39.4, 100.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.674 [0.447, 1.069] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.5, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.128 [0.082, 0.193] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [15.0, 48.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 60.8 [18.5, 190.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.42 [0.96, 2.08] mg/100g (wet weight);