Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Priacanthidae
(Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Priacanthus: Greek, prion = saw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 30 m (Ref. 9710), usually 25 - ? m (Ref. 30573). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: Gulf of Aden to Samoa, north to the Philippines and south to the Great Barrier Reef. Often confused with the wide-ranging Priacanthus hamrur. Reports from Taiwan are misidentifications of Priacanthus sagittarius (in Lee, 1980) and Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (in Shen, 1984).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)
Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs, under ledges or in caves by day (Ref. 9710); often silty habitat (Ref. 48635). Solitary or in small groups (Ref 90102). Rarely trawled (Ref. 30573).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Starnes, W.C., 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 43(2):117-203. (Ref. 5403)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.2 - 28.5, mean 27.3 °C (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02818 (0.01426 - 0.05571), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 62.3 [37.1, 102.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.632 [0.413, 1.068] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.4, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.090, 0.212] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.1 [19.1, 63.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.6 [13.7, 128.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.03 [0.71, 1.50] mg/100g (wet weight);