Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Latilidae
Etymology: Caulolatilus: Greek, kaulos = stem, stalk + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 30 - 162 m (Ref. 8991). Subtropical; 37°N - 24°N, 98°W - 75°W
Western Atlantic: North Carolina to southern Florida in USA and Mexico; also in northern and probably eastern Gulf of Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3276); max. published weight: 7.0 kg (Ref. 3276); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 6134)
Occurs on mud and rubble bottom. Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates (crustaceans, mollusks, polychaetes and brittle stars) and fishes. Captured mainly from 75 to 200 m deep and occurring to at least 236 m (Ref. 6134). Marketed fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Functional hermaphroditism has to be confirmed for this species.
Dooley, J.K., 1978. Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae) with descriptions of two new species. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. No. 411:1-78. (Ref. 8991)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18 - 25.3, mean 22.6 °C (based on 38 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00395 - 0.01056), b=3.10 (2.95 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.14; tmax=15).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 53.6 [31.5, 92.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.902 [0.572, 1.375] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.6, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.344 [0.248, 0.476] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.1 [22.4, 70.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.2 [4.4, 24.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.643 [0.482, 0.871] mg/100g (wet weight);