Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.2; non-migratory. Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 31267)
Africa: Lake Rukwa (Tanzania) (Ref. 27139, 27292), Malagarazi (Ref. 54847), Wembere system (Ref. 27292) and the Mweru-Luapula area (upper Congo River basin)(Ref. 95585). Also reported from the upper Lualaba (=Upper Congo in Ref. 95585).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27292)
Prefers surface layer of smaller and more quiet waters which usually are shallow and which may be subject to desiccation from time to time; also found in fast flowing waters; often seen in large accumulations; feeds on small terrestrial insects, water insects and their larvae, and other animals like crustacean and others which they are able to swallow; deposit eggs between plants and roots in shallow water or at margin of waters; young need 8-10 days to hatch (Ref. 27292). Not a seasonal killifish (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Huber, J.H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces). Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p. (Ref. 27139)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00162 - 0.01178), b=3.13 (2.89 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .