Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Mochokinae
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 3°N - 2°N
Africa: rivers Nyong, Ntem and Ivindo in Cameroon and Gabon (Ref. 81251). Report from the Sanaga (Ref. 51193) unconfirmed in Ref. 81251.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81251)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 0. Diagnosis: Body uniformly coloured; caudal fin not spotted; Interorbital distance at most 86.6% of snout length; Entire margin of opercle smooth, caudal fin without single dark
patch at base of each fin lobe
with a distinct basal membrane; 21 to 24 movable mandibular teeth; Postocular length at least 60% of snout length, maxillary barbel at least 0.8 times HL; dorsal spine long prolonged by a short filament, without serrations along anterior edge and only a few (2-4) distally on posterior edge (Ref. 81251).
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum total length reported 18.6 cm (Ref. 3202).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Mochokidae. p. 105-152. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .