Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Schilbeidae
Etymology: uranoscopus: Named for Mr. Isidore Geoffroy St-Hilaire, collector of the type material of this nominal species (Ref. 43912). More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Africa: Niger (Lake Kainji and further downstream), Cross and Chad basins (Ref. 57127, 81643). Also in the Nile and Lake Turkana system (Ref. 43912, 81643).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.0, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57127)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 59 - 73;
Vertebrae: 50 - 57. Diagnosis: 13-16 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; 57-75 branched anal-fin rays; eyes positioned dorso-laterally; adipose fin always absent (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). Often with a post-occipital hump, a character also sometimes found in Schilbe intermedius whose head profile is extremely variable (Ref. 57127, 81643). Posterior nostrils closer to each other than are anterior ones; nasal barbel at maximum reaching to midway between eye and opercle, but generally shorter; inner side of pectoral spine feebly serrated (Ref. 43912).
Adapted to riverine and lacustrine conditions; appears to live mainly in the open waters; predatory, carnivorous but not strictly piscivorous; young essentially entomophagous (Ref. 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Especially in the Chad basin of some economic value to the fishermen (Ref. 43912). Maximum reported total length 45 cm (Nile basin)(Ref. 43912).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 2003. Schilbeidae. p. 97-116 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57127)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00254 - 0.01244), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.30; tmax=3; assuming fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .