Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Xenochromis: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, chromis = a kind of fish similar to perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 6 - 100 m (Ref. 53528). Tropical; 3°S - 9°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, lake-wide distribution (Ref. 48629).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5716)
Belongs to the deepwater benthic community (Ref. 53528). Scale-eater (Ref. 7343, 46829), specialized on larger prey such as Bathybates species (Ref. 46829). Copepods have also been found in the stomach (Ref. 53528). Specimens have been caught at a depth of 100 m deep (Ref. 4967, 53528). Little is known of its breeding technique (Ref. 48629).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1956. Exploration hydrobiologique du Lac Tanganika (1946-1947). Résultats scientifiques. Volume III, fascicule 5B. Poissons Cichlidae. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles. 619 pp. (Ref. 53528)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .