Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Xenochromis: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, chromis = a kind of fish similar to perch (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 6 - 100 m (Ref. 53528). Tropical; 3°S - 9°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, lake-wide distribution (Ref. 48629).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5716)
Belongs to the deepwater benthic community (Ref. 53528). Scale-eater (Ref. 7343, 46829), specialized on larger prey such as Bathybates species (Ref. 46829). Copepods have also been found in the stomach (Ref. 53528). Specimens have been caught at a depth of 100 m deep (Ref. 4967, 53528). Little is known of its breeding technique (Ref. 48629).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1956. Exploration hydrobiologique du Lac Tanganika (1946-1947). Résultats scientifiques. Volume III, fascicule 5B. Poissons Cichlidae. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles. 619 pp. (Ref. 53528)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00681 - 0.03215), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).