Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Notosudidae
Etymology: Scopelosaurus: Greek, skopelos = a lantern fish + Greek, sauros = lizard (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 6689); depth range 50 - 815 m (Ref. 13608). Tropical; 40°N - 30°S
Eastern Atlantic: off Madeira and at 20°N 30°W. Western Atlantic: 34°N to 20°S, with some larval drift up to 40°N. Elsewhere, Indian and Pacific Oceans between 20°N and 30°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6602)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Larvae are epipelagic, young inhabit the layers between 50-200 m, adults benthopelagic and found deeper than 500 m over continental and insular slopes (Ref. 6552, 6602). Mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds mainly on zooplankton. Extensive migrations by juveniles and adults, probably for feeding in the subtropical belts. Spawning occurs in tropical waters, especially in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean (Ref. 6689).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krefft, G., 1990. Notosudidae. p. 361-364. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 6552)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 9.6 - 20.6, mean 14.5 °C (based on 680 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00295 (0.00122 - 0.00712), b=3.18 (2.96 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).