Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); sudanensis: Named by Daget (1954) presumably in reference to the middle Niger localities he sampled in the French Sudan; the French term "soudanienne" (Soudan) is anglicized by Beadle (1974) and Lowe-McConnell (1975, 1985) as "soudanian" (Ref. 52346).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 18°N - 5°N
Africa: Upper and middle Niger, and the rivers Bénoué, Cross and Wouri in Nigeria and Cameroon (Ref. 53405).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 13 - 16;
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Diagnosis: 13 or fewer (rarely 14) gill-rakers along lower limb of first arch; 37-43 lateral line scales; head length 28.0-34.1% of standard length; predorsal length 36.5-43.2% of standard length; more gradual rise in dorsal spine length from 1st to 6th-7th; pectoral fin relatively short, rarely reaching level of spinous anal fin (Ref. 52346).
Prefers algae and plant matter, as well as invertebrates; maternal mouthbrooder that does not pair-bond (Ref. 52307). Maximum total length 26.0 cm (Ref. 42518).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouth brooder (male or female is unknown).
Lamboj, A., 2004. The Cichlid Fishes of Western Africa. Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany. 255 p. (Ref. 52307)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00520 - 0.04832), b=2.99 (2.74 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .