Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 256 m (Ref. 57911), usually 50 - ? m (Ref. 40849). Tropical
Eastern Atlantic: Madeira and Cape Verde. Western Central Atlantic: Cuba (Ref. 26340) and Trindade Island in Brazil (Ref. 57756).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 98.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89108)
Found in coastal waters in rocky habitats.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G. and E.B. Böhlke, 1990. Muraenidae. p. 136-148. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4450)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.2 - 27.4, mean 23.6 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00059 (0.00039 - 0.00090), b=3.27 (3.15 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 81.9 [48.2, 157.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.607 [0.330, 1.082] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.24 [0.11, 0.67] g/100g ; Selenium = 89.3 [43.2, 177.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 32.3 [9.2, 121.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.691 [0.483, 1.000] mg/100g (wet weight);