Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)
Africa: from the Ogooué River in Gabon (Ref. 81260) to the lower Congo River in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 55074, 74387, 120641), including the Nyanza in Gabon, Kouilou-Niari in Republic of Congo, and the Chiloango in Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 81260). Specimens from Pool Malebo are either this species or C. congica (Ref. 55074, 74387).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5163)
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 7 - 9. Diagnosis: 10 or fewer rakers on lower limb of first arch; unpaired fins not predominantly red-brown; mouth terminal; caudal fin densely covered with scales and with network of clear spots and lines; at least 1 row (sometimes 2) of dark spots in the middle of the body; a black sickle-shaped spot at the base of each flank scale; dorsal fin with 15-16 spines and 9-11 soft rays (total rays 24-26); anal fin with 3 spines and 7-9 soft rays; 27-29 scales in lateral line; outer row teeth relatively fine (Ref. 81260).
Pair-bonding, open (Ref. 52307) substrate brooder (Ref. 52307, 81260) with both parents guarding the brood (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dunz, A.R. and U.K. Schliewen, 2013. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the haplotilapiine cichlid fishes formerly referred to as "Tilapia". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68(1):64-80. (Ref. 93285)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .