Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Rhombosoleidae
(South Pacific flounders)
Etymology: Ammotretis: Greek, ammos = sand + Greek, tretos, -e, -on = full of holes (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 80 m (Ref. 33839). Temperate
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from southwestern Australia to New South Wales.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 51 - 56. Body deep (55-60% SL). Snout extended into a hook-like process projecting downwards in front of small, oblique mouth. Scales ctenoid, very small, rather firmly attached on both sides. Pectoral fin rays on right side 11-13, left 9-12. Pelvic fin rays on right side 7, left 4. Caudal fin rays 14 (Ref. 33839).
Occurs in sandy regions of bays and offshore areas. Flesh of very high quality but individuals taken are not often sufficiently large to make preparation worthwhile (Ref. 33839).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F., C.J.M. Glover and R.H. Kuiter (eds.), 1994. The fishes of Australia's south coast. State Print, Adelaide. 992 p. (Ref. 33839)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 20.4, mean 17.7 °C (based on 206 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00772 - 0.04098), b=2.97 (2.76 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.26 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .