Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Pelmatochromis: Greek, pelma, -atos = sole of the foot + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: present in the Kouilou-Niari, Loeme and Ddjoungou rivers in Republic of Congo, the Ogooué basin in Gabon (Ref. 81620) and in the middle Congo River basin between Kinshasa and Yangambi, including the drainages of the Dja, Ruki, Kasai (Ref. 52307), Lake Tumba (Ref. 41580), Lomami (Ref. 106245) and Itimbiri (Ref. 106290). Also reported from the lower Congo (Ref. 94750).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5676)
(total): 14 - 15;
soft rays: 8 - 10. Diagnosis: rather deep-bodied (40.0-47.0% SL), greatest depth well behind dorsal fin origin; head moderately large (length 34.0-37.2% SL); wide interorbital (33.5-41% HL); mouth terminal and small; jaws (specimens >60 mm SL) with outer row teeth evenly spaced conical, unicuspid, 2-4 rows of smaller unicuspid inner teeth; smaller individuals often with some shouldered unicuspid or bicuspid teeth in jaws; caudal peduncle short and deep (Ref. 81260). Soft dorsal and anal fins produced in adults, extending well over caudal fin in males (Ref. 52307, 81260). Caudal fin truncate and heavily scaled over base; 3.5-4 scales between upper lateral line and dorsal fin origin; lanceolate epibranchial rakers; tips of pelvic fins in males reach well beyond the spinous anal fin (Ref. 81260).
Open substratum spawner (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Daget, J., 1991. Pelmatochromis. p. 361-362. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5676)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .