Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Zebrias: Derived from Zebra = African horse, referring to the stripes (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical
Western Central Pacific: known only from the Lingayen Gulf, Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6340)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 56;
Vertebrae: 43. Preserved, ocular side light greyish-brown with 16-18 narrow, dark bands on body reaching the dorsal and anal fins. Blind side of body generally white with scattered spots, becoming dusky toward body margins. Eyes contiguous with upper eye slightly in advance of the lower; no interorbital scales. Opercular margins with minute tentacles. Ctenoid scales on both sides of the body; tubed lateral line scales cycloid.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Seigel, J.A. and T.A. Adamson, 1985. First record of the genus Zebrias (Pisces: Pleuronectiformes: Soleidae) from the Philippine Islands, with the description of a new species. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98(1):13-16. (Ref. 6340)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 27.4 - 28.9, mean 28.1 °C (based on 118 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).