Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335). More on author: Whitley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 6871). Tropical; 26°N - 25°S, 43°E - 155°E
Indo-Pacific: Gulf of Aden and southwestern India east to Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan and south to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 115.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 161 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 167.0 cm TL (female)
soft rays: 0. Grey or grey-brown on dorsal surface, white or cream below, with a conspicuous band of white on sides from pelvic fins to first dorsal fin; pectoral, dorsal and pelvic fins, and ventral lobe of caudal fin black or dusky-tipped, sometimes inconspicuously (Ref. 9997).
A little-known inshore, coastal pelagic species (Ref. 9997). Feeds mainly on fishes, also takes crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Probably taken in fisheries where it occurs (Ref. 9997). Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption; fins used in the oriental shark fin trade; liver oil processed for vitamins (Ref. 9997).
Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449). 3 in a litter (Ref. 6871); 2-8 pups per litter (Ref.58048). Gestation period of 9-10 months (Ref. 6871). Size at birth 52 to 55 cm TL (Ref. 9997). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 974 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00219 - 0.01045), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .