Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Trichiuridae
(Cutlassfishes) > Lepidopodinae
Etymology: Eupleurogrammus: Greek, eu = good + Greek, pleura = near, on the side + Greek, gramma = mark, signal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 9688). Tropical; 31°N - 10°S, 47°E - 135°E (Ref. 6181)
Indo-West Pacific: including the Persian Gulf, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9688)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 118-132. Body extremely elongate, compressed and tapering to a point. Mouth large with a dermal process on the tip of each jaw. The lower hind margin of the gill cover convex. Lateral line running almost straight, closer to the ventral contour. Anal fins reduced to minute spinules buried in skin. Pelvic fins reduced to scale-like spines. Fresh specimens steely blue with metallic reflections, becoming silvery gray after death.
Inhabits coastal waters and often comes near the surface at night. Feeds on crustaceans, squid and fishes (species of Atherina, Stolephorus, Leiognathus, Eupleurogrammus, etc.) in Palk Bay, India. Caught mainly with shore seines, bag nets and bottom trawls in coastal waters down to 50 m depth in West Bengal to Madras, Palk Bay and Gulf of Myanmar. Marketed mostly dried, mixed with other trichiurids, also salted or fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.1, mean 28.4 °C (based on 1224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00141 (0.00056 - 0.00356), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .