Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sillaginidae
Etymology: Sillaginops: The first part of the generic name is from the well-used sillaginid generic name sillago. The
second part of the generic name ops is from Greek meaning eye, in reference to the large eye.. More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 6205). Tropical; 21°N - 12°S, 93°E - 164°E (Ref. 6205)
Western Central Pacific: Indonesian Archipelago, New Britain, Solomon Islands and the Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6205); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9679)
soft rays: 19 - 21;
Vertebrae: 34. Body is yellowish, darker above, with a diffuse silvery midlateral stripe; dorsal fins dusky with a narrow blackish margin. Juveniles with a series of small brown spots, on each side along the back at the base of the dorsal fins, first dot at commencement of spinous dorsal fin, second about middle of spinous dorsal fin, third below fourth dorsal fin ray, fourth below eleventh dorsal-fin ray, and last spot below end of second dorsal fin.
May penetrate freshwater, at least as juveniles (Ref. 6205). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McKay, R.J., 1992. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 14. Sillaginid fishes of the world (family Sillaginidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the sillago, smelt or Indo-Pacific whiting species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(14):87p. (Ref. 6205)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.3 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 717 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00237 - 0.01060), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .