Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Pinjalo: A Malay word, pinialo, for a fish; lewisi: Named for Anthony Lewis. More on authors: Randall, Allen & Anderson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 150 m (Ref. 9821). Tropical; 32°N - 20°S, 72°E - 178°W
Indo-Pacific: Laccadive Islands to Fiji, north to the Ryukyu Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Often form schools (Ref. 90102). Inhabit reefs and rocky bottoms. They feed on benthic and planktonic invertebrates and possibly small fishes. Marketed fresh or dried-salted.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and W.D. Anderson Jr., 1987. Revision of the Indo-Pacific lutjanid genus Pinjalo, with description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (14):17 p. (Ref. 6177)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.7 - 27.9, mean 26.4 °C (based on 376 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00715 - 0.03059), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .