Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Xenichthys: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical; 27°N -
Eastern Pacific: southern Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body oblong, fusiform, and somewhat compressed (its depth contained 2.7 to 3.0 times in standard length); mouth small, terminal, and oblique, its posterior end surpassing the anterior rim of the eye; lower jaw protruding; eyes very large; first gill arch with 22 to 26 gill rakers; dorsal fin deeply notched, with 12 spines and 17 to 19 soft rays (XII, 17-19); second anal spine shorter than third; back brownish green; flanks silvery with golden highlights and 5 or 6 golden yellow longitudinal stripes; upper edge of operculum with a dark spot; caudal peduncle with a dark spot (Ref. 55763).
Forms schools over sandy shallow bottoms (Ref. 9114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
McKay, R.J. and M. Schneider, 1995. Haemulidae. Burros, corocoros, chulas, gallinazos, roncos. p. 1136-1173. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9114)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.1 - 29.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 208 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00760 - 0.02184), b=3.01 (2.87 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 206 [110, 358] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.981 [0.541, 1.691] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.8, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.267 [0.138, 0.475] g/100g ; Selenium = 63.2 [31.6, 115.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.3 [9.9, 48.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.18 [0.73, 1.79] mg/100g (wet weight);