Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Xiphocheilus: Greek, xiphos = sword + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 85 m (Ref. 9823). Tropical
Western Pacific: extending into the Indian Ocean only in an area to the west of the Malay Peninsula (Ref. 9823). Recorded from North West Shelf, Australia; Indo-Australian Archipelago (Ref. 3132).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9823)
Lives on flat sandy bottoms or rubble (Ref. 3132). Often taken by trawlers but still occassionally seen near reefs. Found solitary or in small groups (Ref. 90102). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 90102.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Westneat, M.W., 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 28.6, mean 27.7 °C (based on 538 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.7).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 149 [69, 303] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.09 [0.65, 2.22] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.5 [14.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.335 [0.153, 0.750] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [11.8, 62.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 144 [38, 554] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.49 [1.55, 4.73] mg/100g (wet weight);