Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Echidna: Greek, echidna = viper, 1847 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 30 m (Ref. 9324), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 71.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9324)
Lives between rocks in littoral pools. Not frequently seen. Feeds on crabs, lobsters and mollusks and possibly on other soft-bodied invertebrates and fishes (Ref. 28023).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Thomson, D.A., 1987. Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p. (Ref. 5592)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.3 - 29.1, mean 26.9 °C (based on 255 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00050 (0.00025 - 0.00101), b=3.26 (3.09 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.56 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 117 [73, 215] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.625 [0.335, 1.068] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.222 [0.100, 0.595] g/100g ; Selenium = 84.4 [46.2, 171.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.8 [5.3, 58.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.919 [0.653, 1.297] mg/100g (wet weight);