Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical; 29°S - 36°S
Southeast Atlantic: Namibia to southwestern Cape Province, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5578)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits the continental shelf, in inshore waters (Ref. 244). Most common in shallow sandy areas (Ref. 244). Feeds on small bottom-dwelling fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods (Ref. 27121). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Caught by shore anglers (Ref. 5578).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with 2 egg-cases at a time, hatching at about 11 cm (Ref. 5510). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00171 - 0.00643), b=3.14 (2.96 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .