Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 91 - 110 m (Ref. 38398), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 3°N - 2°N
Southeast Pacific: Colombia, Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands, and northern Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37888); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); max. published weight: 2.6 kg (Ref. ); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 72462)
Head and body slightly compressed; body depth contained 2.9 to 3.2 times or more in standard length; eyes moderately large, their length less than or equal to snout length; inter-orbital space wide, generally half the eye diameter; tip of maxilla not reaching posterior rim of the eye; third dorsal spine prolonged, its tip curved slightly forward; pectoral fin with 18 rays; small ctenoid scales; body uniformly reddish with small, irregular, brown or olive green spots on the dorsal region (Ref. 55763).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poss, S.G., 1995. Scorpaenidae. Rascacios, chancharros. p. 1544-1564. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9341)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00609 - 0.02604), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (65 of 100) .