Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 76 m (Ref. 9311), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Bahiá Independencia, Peru, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5530).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9311)
Solitary (Ref. 5227).Inhabits shallow waters, over rocky or coral reefs separated by sandy areas (Ref. 9311). Feeds on small invertebrates found in the sand (Ref. 9311). Large specimens in the Gulf of California are known to feed on small blennioid fishes (Ref. 28023). Buries itself in the sand when disturbed and at night to sleep (Ref. 9311). Marketed fresh in local markets (Ref. 9311).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Merlen, G., 1988. A field guide to the fishes of Galapagos. Wilmot Books, London, England 60 p. (Ref. 5590)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.7 - 28.9, mean 25.9 °C (based on 96 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00207 - 0.01214), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 74.7 [43.4, 138.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.579 [0.329, 1.044] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [15.6, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.11 [0.07, 0.19] g/100g ; Selenium = 35 [19, 66] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 117 [39, 394] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.57 [1.05, 2.80] mg/100g (wet weight);