Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Parapristipoma: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, poma = operculum (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 60 m (Ref. 2683). Subtropical; 42°N - 13°S, 18°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal to Angola. Also found in the western Mediterranean (uncommon).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5535); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5535)
Occurs in shallow waters from the shoreline to about 50 m on sand or rocky bottom. Feeds on crustaceans and mollusks (Ref. 5535).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Ben-Tuvia, A. and R. McKay, 1986. Haemulidae. p. 858-864. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 2. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5535)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.2 - 26.8, mean 20.1 °C (based on 130 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00829 - 0.02001), b=3.01 (2.88 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High vulnerability (61 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 75.4 [40.6, 151.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.61, 1.81] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [17.5, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.355 [0.195, 0.587] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.9 [17.7, 63.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.2 [5.6, 31.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.746 [0.457, 1.118] mg/100g (wet weight);