Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Enchelycore: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, kore = pupil (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lowe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 60 m (Ref. 58047). Subtropical; 40°N - 17°S, 32°W - 35°E
Eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira, Canary, Cape Verde, Ascension and St. Helena Islands including record from the Mediterranean coast of Israel (Ref. 3256), Greece (Ref. 43448) and Cyprus (Ref. 95695).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5288)
Occasional among rocks and rubble to depths of at least 10 m. They stay concealed among rocks, waiting for prey to come along. Are active predators which feed on crustaceans and fish (Ref. 5377). Possibly consumed in subsistence fisheries (Ref. 3254).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G. and E.B. Böhlke, 1990. Muraenidae. p. 136-148. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4450)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 18.4 - 20.1, mean 19.8 °C (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00049 (0.00024 - 0.00100), b=3.26 (3.10 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 55.9 [31.4, 103.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.759 [0.462, 1.251] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [17.6, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.306 [0.149, 0.815] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.9 [24.0, 90.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.2 [2.8, 34.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.613 [0.441, 0.870] mg/100g (wet weight);