Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Ostraciidae
Etymology: Tetrosomus: Greek, tetra = four + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 60 m (Ref. 3141). Temperate; 30°N - 35°S, 19°E - 170°E
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to southern Japan and New Caledonia (Ref. 11897).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3141)
Enters muddy bays or estuaries; usually with large remote sponges (Ref. 48637). Solitary. Also found in seagrass and weed bottoms of coastal reefs (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M., 1986. Ostraciidae. p. 890-893. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3141)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.1 - 28, mean 26.5 °C (based on 628 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03631 (0.01740 - 0.07577), b=2.81 (2.62 - 3.00), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 17.3 [6.0, 38.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.258 [0.142, 0.486] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.5, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.287 [0.132, 0.595] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.36 [4.12, 22.81] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 28 [7, 121] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.66 [0.40, 1.07] mg/100g (wet weight);