Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Coris: Greek, kore, -es = pupil and also with themenaing of "maid" (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 57 m (Ref. 33411), usually 3 - 25 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115)
Indian Ocean: northern Red Sea south to East London, South Africa and east to the northwest coast of Australia, extending to Shark Bay; including Green Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4392)
soft rays: 12. Head with irregular bands; opercular flap with a black spot edged with yellow on posterior part; body with 4 pink salmon stripes, sometimes with broad dark bars on upper side; large diffuse blackish spot at base of caudal fin (Ref. 4392).
Found usually in sandy or algal-rich areas near reefs or in seagrass beds. Feeds on amphipods, tanaids, pelecypods, brachyuran crabs, gastropods and polychaetes (Ref. 33411).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Coris, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (29):74 p. (Ref. 33411)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.5 - 29.1, mean 27.1 °C (based on 606 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00475 - 0.02106), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 66.7 [6.1, 181.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.697 [0.415, 1.177] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.8, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.139 [0.069, 0.288] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.3 [12.5, 84.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 105 [37, 325] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.26 [1.07, 4.12] mg/100g (wet weight);