Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Stethojulis: Greek, stetho, stethion = brest; literal = to prick a little breast + Greek, ioulis, a fish dealing with genera Coris or Thalassoma (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bonnaterre.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Natal, South Africa and east to Maldives and Chagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Inhabits reef flats and clear lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Found singly or in small groups consisting of one male and a few females (Ref. 9710). Feeds on small invertebrates, especially crustaceans and mollusks.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 2000. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Stethojulis, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (31):42 p. (Ref. 36378)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 27.5 °C (based on 1379 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00571 - 0.01750), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K>1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 118 [68, 265] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.919 [0.547, 1.568] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.1, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.169 [0.101, 0.274] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.4 [17.5, 59.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 81.3 [26.0, 273.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.78 [1.21, 3.24] mg/100g (wet weight);