Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 2°S - 34°S, 28°E - 65°E (Ref. 56029)
Western Indian Ocean: between Kenya and Natal, South Africa; also Aldabra, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4391)
Adults inhabit coral and rocky reefs with some wave action (Ref. 9710) while juveniles are usually found in shallow water zones in lagoons and flat bottom areas. Feed on algae and sometimes on crustaceans and small invertebrates. Solitary or in loose aggregations (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.9 - 28, mean 26.9 °C (based on 273 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02399 (0.01036 - 0.05553), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 75.1 [46.0, 116.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.691 [0.453, 1.097] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.088, 0.208] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.3 [14.4, 45.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 74.9 [23.7, 226.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [0.97, 2.07] mg/100g (wet weight);