Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Pseudosimochromis: Greek, pseudes = false + Latin, simo = to crash th nose + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch. More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; dH range: 10 - 20. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060); 3°S - 9°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 5694); in the Lukuga River (Lake Tanganyika outflow) known up to the Kisimba-Kilia rapids (Ref. 93587).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5694)
This is one of the smallest and hardiest species in Lake Tanganyika along with Pseudosimochromis marginatum (Ref. 6770). Known from sandy and rocky areas (Ref. 7343). It is very intolerant of any other rockgrazer, less so of the other species, and very territorial and aggressive toward its conspecifics (Ref. 6770). It cleans off a patch of ground between rubble to breed (Ref. 6770). Females brood their young in the mouth (Ref. 86760).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Larvae of up to 1.47 cm TL are mouthbrooded by female parents 6.3 to 6.9 cm SL in size (Ref. 86760). Also Ref. 102710.
Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Simochromis. p. 454-457. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5694)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec=50).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .