Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiadinae
Etymology: Meganthias: Name from Greek 'megas' for large and 'anthias' for Mediterranean fish, refers to the size of the 2 species, larger than species of Odontanthias which do not exceed 20.4 cm SL.. More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 88 - 219 m (Ref. 120660), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: records only from the Socotra Archipelago, Kenya, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, Madagascar, Mozambique, and South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36345)
Occurs in moderately deep waters, on rocky substrata on steep slopes (Ref. 120660). Piscivore (Ref. 97629).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1986. Serranidae. p. 509-537. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4319)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17 - 22.2, mean 19 °C (based on 21 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.00960 - 0.06276), b=2.98 (2.76 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .