Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Apristurus: Greek, a = without + Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Barnard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 453 - 717 m (Ref. 5578). Deep-water; 31°S - 40°S
Southeast Atlantic: Cape Columbine to south of False Bay in South Africa (Ref. 5578).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 88.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5578)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 0. A stout, plain catshark with moderately large eyes, a long, thick and broad snout, and long labial furrows; mouth not projecting in front of eyes; pectoral fins large (Ref. 5578). Uniformly dark grey-brown (Ref. 5578).
Found on the continental slope (Ref. 244). Feeds on small bony fish and cephalopods (Ref. 5578). Oviparous (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 5578). Paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.2 - 11.9, mean 10.8 °C (based on 5 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00147 - 0.00678), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec assumed to be <10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .