Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Coris: Greek, kore, -es = pupil and also with themenaing of "maid" (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated, usually 2 - 50 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115)
Western Indian Ocean: southern Red Sea to Natal, South Africa and east to Sri Lanka.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213)
soft rays: 12. Terminal males reddish to lavender in color; caudal with small, dark-edged, blue-green spots, posterior margin light orange-red (Ref. 4392). Juveniles orange, head and lower part of body dark brown; 3 large, vertically elongate, broadly black-edged, white spots on dorsal part of body (Ref. 4392).
Adults found in weed, rock and coral areas; juveniles in shallow tide pools (Ref. 30573). Generally solitary (Ref. 5213). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled prey, including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 5374). Young very different (Ref. 1623).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Coris, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (29):74 p. (Ref. 33411)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.6 - 28.5, mean 27.1 °C (based on 424 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 28.5 [3.1, 77.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.494 [0.295, 0.841] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [15.9, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.115 [0.059, 0.226] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.9 [16.3, 107.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 72.8 [24.5, 224.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.71 [0.81, 3.03] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.