Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Crossosalarias: Greek krossoi = tassel + Latin, salar, salaris = trout (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 9710), usually ? - 10 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Pacific: east to Tonga.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 18 - 20. Dorsal fin spines elongate, extending beyond membrane. Terminal anal ray connected by membrane to caudal peduncle. Gill opening narrow and restricted, slightly below the level of the ventralmost pectoral ray. Some preopercular and mandibular pores with cirri. A black, fleshy flap at the base of the 1st dorsal spine. A black blotch is present ventrally on each side of the head.
Adults are found in seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Also inhabit shallow, semi-exposed, hard-coral and rock reef with rich algae growth (Ref. 48636). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 1754 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00341 - 0.01686), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 130 [72, 255] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.83 [0.52, 1.35] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.112 [0.064, 0.193] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.8 [14.9, 55.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 92.4 [31.6, 258.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.03 [1.34, 3.05] mg/100g (wet weight);