Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 43 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical; 30°N - 28°S, 34°E - 149°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Society Islands, north to the Amami Islands in Japan and the Marshall and Hawaiian islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Occurs on reef flats as well as lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 43 m. Benthic to 40 m (Ref. 58302, 75154). Cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and D. Golani, 1995. Review of the moray eels (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae) of the Red Sea. Bull. Mar. Sci. 56(3):849-880. (Ref. 10713)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00048 (0.00025 - 0.00090), b=3.28 (3.12 - 3.44), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 65.9 [37.7, 115.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.527 [0.301, 0.864] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.6 [17.4, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.142 [0.067, 0.368] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.9 [22.3, 77.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 83.6 [23.8, 269.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.17 [0.82, 1.63] mg/100g (wet weight);