Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 40 - 500 m (Ref. 5951). Deep-water; 48°N - 52°S, 79°W - 153°W
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Mauritania and also in Angola; west of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa (Ref. 4066). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Western Atlantic: USA to Argentina but with lower abundance in the South Sargasso Sea and absent in the minimum region off Brazil. Also known in the equatorial waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Tropical regions of the Atlantic up to 38°S (Ref. 47377).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377); common length : 7.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
High-oceanic, meso- (Ref. 4479, 75154) and epipelagic (Ref. 58302). Found between 225-450 m during the day and between 40-225 m at night (Ref. 4479). Reach sexual maturity at 5 cm (Ref. 47377).
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 11.1 - 24.4, mean 17 °C (based on 787 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00400 - 0.02282), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).