Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 700 m (Ref. 4479). Deep-water; 42°N - 57°S, 79°W - 105°W
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola. Western Atlantic: USA to Argentina. Indian Ocean: between 7°N and 12°S. Western Pacific: north and south, east to about 105°W. Tropical waters of the three oceans (Ref. 47377). South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377); common length : 8.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Neustonic at 1-125 m at night (Ref. 58302). High-oceanic, mesopelagic (Ref. 4479, 75154). Found between 325-700 m during the day; nyctoepipelagic at the surface and down to 125 m. Sexually mature from about 74 mm (Ref. 4479).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.2 - 25.2, mean 17.7 °C (based on 1092 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00407 - 0.02141), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .