Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Heemstra.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 107 m (Ref. 5222). Tropical; 9°S - 13°S, 132°E - 135°E (Ref. 5222)
Western Central Pacific: known only from a single specimen caught off the north coast of Northern Territory, Australia and landed at Darwin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 53.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4787)
soft rays: 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: yellowish brown body color, shading to yellowish ventrally; small faint irregular pale spots scattered over the head and body; yellowish brown dorsal and caudal fin with black posterior margin; traces of white line along the distal margin of soft dorsal and anal fins; distally blackish pectoral and pelvic fins; depth of body contained 2.8 times in SL; head length 2.6 times in SL; convex interorbital area; almost straight dorsal head profile; rounded preopercle angle with shallow indentation above angle and without enlarged serrae; straight upper edge of operculum; maxilla reaching almost to vertical at rear edge of eye; posterior nostrils 2.5 times larger than anterior nostrils; posteriorly rounded maxilla, with prominent angle on lower edge; small anterior canines in jaws; 3-4 rows of small teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw (Ref. 89707).
Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Only a single specimen has been caught by hook and line at a depth of 107 m (Ref. 5222). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00560 - 0.02353), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .