Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Trachichthyiformes
(Roughies) > Anomalopidae
Etymology: Anomalops: Greek, anomalos = uneven, irregular + Greek, ops = shape (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 400 m (Ref. 1602). Tropical; 32°N - 24°S, 117°E - 143°W (Ref. 57368)
Pacific Ocean: Philippines and Indonesia to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Hides during the day and venture out at night to feed, tending to occur along steep drop-offs near caves on dark, moonless nights. Feeds on zooplankton. The large, deep water form is occasionally collected by fishing at depths of 200 to 400 m. Caught with cast nets in shallow waters of the Philippines. Forms aggregations (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McCosker, J.E. and R.H. Rosenblatt, 1987. Notes on the biology, taxonomy, and distribution of flashlight fishes (Beryciformes: Anomalopidae). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 34(2):157-164. (Ref. 5004)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial; bait: occasionally
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.9 - 27.8, mean 24.1 °C (based on 244 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 47.4 [21.4, 102.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.694 [0.410, 1.185] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.6, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.159 [0.069, 0.341] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.4 [20.3, 62.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 108 [44, 258] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.1 [0.8, 1.6] mg/100g (wet weight);