Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 550 m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Polar; 0°C - ; 61°S - 78°S
Southern Ocean: Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic continental shelf. Probably circum-Antarctic, but no records yet from West Antarctica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124149); 31.4 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 86.20 g (Ref. 124149); max. published weight: 86.20 g
Adults spawn during September in Adélie Land. Hatching probably occurs in spring (mid-November) and pelagic development probably ends in autumn (February and March). Food items: fishes, amphipods, fish eggs and polychaetes (Ref. 5192). Larval pelagic phase is short (Ref. 41551).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O., 1990. Bathydraconidae. p. 364-380. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. 462 p. (Ref. 5192)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.8 - 0.4, mean -1.2 °C (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00141 (0.00083 - 0.00242), b=3.46 (3.31 - 3.61), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .