Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
(Icefishes) > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Nototheniops: Greek, noton = filament + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or removal + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335); larseni: Named for Captain C.A. Larsen, chief navigator of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition (Ref. 11892) More on author: Lönnberg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 30 - 750 m (Ref. 51730), usually - m (Ref. ). Polar; 0°C - ; 51°S - 70°S, 92°W - 166°E
Southern Ocean: Balleny Islands, Peter I Island, Palmer Archipelago, Graham Land, South Shetlands, South Orkneys, South Sandwich, South Georgia, Shag Rocks, Bouvet, and sub-Antarctic islands and seamounts of the Indian Ocean Sector (except Kerguelen, Heard, McDonald and Macquarie islands and Kara Dag seamount).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 22.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5179)
(total): 5 - 6;
soft rays: 37 - 38. Irregular oblique dark cross-bars on body. Distal part of spinous dorsal with black blotch, soft dorsal with oblique dark stripes. Anal plain or similarly marked. Breast to middle depth of pectoral fins a notable silvery-white (Ref. 11892).
Feeds mainly on krill, hyperiid amphipods and mysids. Spawning occurs in autumn and winter (Ref. 51730).
Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990. Nototheniidae. p. 279-331. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5179)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.4 - 1.9, mean 0 °C (based on 115 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00380 - 0.00576), b=3.22 (3.16 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.27; Fec = 2,046).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29 [14, 51] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.431 [0.245, 0.697] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.7 [15.4, 17.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.357 [0.184, 0.693] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.2 [7.1, 30.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 29.4 [8.6, 96.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.57 [0.39, 0.82] mg/100g (wet weight);