Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Gymnoscopelinae
Etymology: Gymnoscopelus: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, skopelos, a lantern fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Andriashev.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - 4200 m (Ref. 58018), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 34°S - 67°S, 58°W - 71°W
Generally ranges between Antarctic Polar Front and Subtropical Convergence, but with northern extension to about 38°S off Argentina, to 40°S off Chile and to 34°S in the southeast Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5182)
Oceanic and mesopelagic (Ref. 4066). Found within the upper 200 m in the region of Antarctic Polar Front, but inhabits deeper northwards at night.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 146-178. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5182)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.5 - 5.6, mean 2.6 °C (based on 596 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00200 - 0.00791), b=3.20 (3.02 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.47 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 48.6 [18.5, 123.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.281 [0.157, 0.695] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.7 [14.8, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.798 [0.358, 1.848] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.1 [6.3, 42.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 58.2 [12.8, 279.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.745 [0.426, 1.312] mg/100g (wet weight);