Teleocichla preta

Teleocichla preta Varella, Zuanon, Kullander & López-Fernández 2016

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Teleocichla preta
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Teleocichla: Greek, tele, telos = perfect + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335);  preta: Adjective in Portuguese meaning black; refers to the diagnostic dark overall colouration of the body and to the previous denominations for the species in the scientific and aquarium literature, as well as among fishermen of the Rio Xingu. Noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 0°S - 10°S, 55°W - 50°W (Ref. 108975)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil, Amazon basin, Rios Xingu and Iriri (Ref. 108975).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 108975); 11.2 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 21 - 23; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9; Vertebrae: 35 - 37. This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following characters: a unique blackish (in live specimens) or dark brown (preserved specimens) general body colouration, which masks the faint vertical bars or a zig-zag pattern of blotches on the flanks; a deeper and posteriorly strongly compressed caudal peduncle, its depth 11.7-14.9 % SL, mean 13% (vs. < 10.9% SL); a deeper body, its depth 17.9-21.6% SL, mean 19.9% (vs. less or equal to 18.3%); stout lower pharyngeal tooth plate bearing molariform teeth on its median area (vs. conical); with maximum size 12.13 cm SL (vs. 8.15 cm SL in the largest known specimen of prionogenys and 8.78 cm SL in wajapi); differs from centrarchus and wajapi by having 3 anal-fin spines (vs. 4); differs from monogramma and centisquama by having the anterior and posterior branches of the lateral line separated by 2 horizontal scale rows (vs. lateral line continuous); differs from gephyrogramma by the absence of a caudal-fin blotch (vs. present, rounded and conspicuous); differs from cinderella by the absence of small dark spots scattered on flanks (vs. presence at least in specimens up to 6.0 cm SL) and by the absence of filamentous dorsal-fin prolongation in sexually dimorphic males (Ref. 108975).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

In moderate to fast, shallow rapids, with clear water and the riverbed composed mainly of large rocks and little accumulated sediment. Feeds predominantly on of caddisfly larvae (Trichoptera) and other hard-shelled invertebrates (gastropods and bivalves), as well as midges (Diptera: Chironomidae) and mayfly larvae (Ephemeroptera) (Ref. 108975).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Varella, H.R., J. Zuanon, S.O. Kullander and H. López-Fernández, 2016. Teleocichla preta, a new species of cichlid from the Rio Xingu basin in Brazil (Teleostei: Cichlidae). J. Fish Biol. 89(3):1551-1569. (Ref. 108975)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .