Gymnogeophagus taroba

Gymnogeophagus taroba Casciotta, Almirón, Piálek & Říčan 2017

Upload your photos and videos
Google image
Image of Gymnogeophagus taroba
Gymnogeophagus taroba
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Gymnogeophagus: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phaegein, to eat (Ref. 45335);  taroba: Name from Tarobá, a warrior, referring to a legend of the Kaingang people; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Argentina.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123557)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 10; Vertebrae: 26 - 27. This species is distinguished from all its congeners in the gymnogenys group by having 23-25 E1 scales and the absence in adult males of a well-developed adipose hump. It is most easily distinguished from all species in the G. rhabdotus group (with terrapurpura, meridionalis, setequedas, che) by the pigmentation of the dorsal fin, where the spiny section of the dorsal fin lacks any markings (vs. various types of markings) and the soft section has long and thin whitish light blue lines parallel to rays (vs. wide stripes rhabdotus, a combination of roundish spots at the base and stripes of various length and width distally meridionalis, terrapurpura, setequedas, che; the anal fin also has long and thin whitish light blue lines parallel to rays (vs. spotted in terrapurpura and a combination of roundish spots at the base and stripes of various length and width distally in rhabdotus, meridionalis, setequedas, che, however, in setequedas only the posterior half of the anal fin has markings, while the anterior half has none. Within the G. setequedas group, G. taroba differs by having opalescent lines on posterior part of body and on caudal peduncle narrow, starting behind the midlateral blotch and are not found on the dorsum above the upper lateral line (vs. wide, beginning in front of the midlateral blotch and are found on the dorsum in setequedas, che); the midlateral blotch usually conspicuous and dominant, as in che (vs. inconspicuous in setequedas); opalescent markings on head large and dominant, present on opercular series, as in che (vs. small and inconspicuous, usually absent from opercular series in setequedas); body scales or their centers are grey, as in setequedas (vs. scale centers on at least the posterior part of body and caudal peduncle distinctly reddish-brown in che); the caudal fin with best developed white longitudinal lines and most pronounced difference between a yellow to orange central portion of the fin and red dorsal and ventral margins; it differs further from setequedas by having a longer snout, 44.4-53.7 %HL (vs. 30.8-44.7) and from che by having a deeper body, 40.2-46.1 % of SL (vs. 37.3-40.7) (Ref. 123557).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is mainly in pools and lentic stretches of smaller streams with muddy or sandy bottoms. Some specimens were collected in pools between rock-gardens in the Iguazú main channel (Pasarela a Garganta del Diablo and pasarela a salto San Martín) and are ecologically very similar to the small tributary streams with similar stony substrates and muddy bottoms (Ref. 123557).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Casciotta, J.R., A.E. Almirón, L. Piálek and O. Říčan, 2017. Gymnogeophagus taroba (Teleostei : Cichlidae ), a new species from the río Iguazú basin, Misiones, Argentina. Historia Natural 7(2):5-22. (Ref. 123557)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00785 - 0.03846), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .