Gymnogeophagus terrapurpura

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Gymnogeophagus terrapurpura Loureiro, Zarucki, Malabarba & González-Bergonzoni 2016

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Gymnogeophagus terrapurpura
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Gymnogeophagus: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phaegein, to eat (Ref. 45335);  terrapurpura: Named for the novel of G. E. Hudson 'La Tierra Purpúrea' (as it is known in the Spanish translation), in which the main character makes a trip through the same region where the new species occurs; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Uruguay.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 9. This species is distinguished from its congeners except for G. rhabdotus, G. meridionalis, G. setequedas, G. che by the number of E1 scales, 23-25 (vs. 26-30), and its substrate-brooding behavior. This species differs from the four species by the unique pigmentation of the dorsal fin: it differs from meridionalis in having diagonal bright blue stripes (light brown in preserved specimens) over a red background (brown in preserved specimens) in the spiny section, and a combination of round, elliptical, and elongated bright blue spots (light brown in preserved specimens) in the soft section versus whitish light blue round spots (white to light brown in preserved specimens) over a red background (brown in preserved specimens) in the whole fin of meridionalis or diagonal whitish light blue stripes (white to light brown in preserved specimens) over a red background in the whole spiny section of the fin and the distal ¾ of the soft section in rhabdotus, setequedas and che; further distinguished from rhabdotus by the termination of the bright blue band that runs above the upper lateral line before reaching a bright blue spot placed above the first perforated scale (vs. band continuous with that spot); differs further from meridionalis, setequedas and che by the anal fin pigmentation pattern which consists of light blue rounded spots (light brown in preserved specimens) over a red to orange background (brown in preserved specimens) versus white irregularly shaped spots over a dark red back ground in meridionalis or diagonal light stripes in setequedas and che; differs from meridionalis by the absence of small clear spots between anal fin rays that reach the distal edge of the fin vs. presence (Ref, 123556).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is found in a large variety of habitats including shallow lakes, floodplain lakes, rivers, and streams, mainly associated with cobble, sandy or muddy substrates. It is an omnivore, feeding on zooplankton, macroinvertebrates, and periphyton (to a lesser extent). Feeding activity reduces greatly during autumn and winter when water temperature decreases (behavior reported in a low-impacted lowland stream in Florida Department and in a eutrophic shallow lake of Montevideo). It has been observed to brood on the substrate and exhibits substantial parental care, including aggressive territorial behavior in both males and females during the reproductive season which is from November to January (Ref. 123556).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Loureiro, M., M. Zarucki and L.R. González-Bergonzoni, I. Malabarba, 2016. A new species of Gymnogeophagus Miranda Ribeiro from Uruguay (Teleostei: Cichliformes). Neotropical Ichthyol. 14(1):155-164. (Ref. 123556)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Fecundity
Eggs
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00785 - 0.03846), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .