Tosanoides aphrodite Pinheiro, Rocha & Rocha, 2018

Aphrodite anthias
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Tosanoides aphrodite
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: aphrodite: Named for the Greek goddess of love and beauty; referring to the enchanting beauty of this species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 100 - 260 m (Ref. 120716), usually 100 - 130 m (Ref. 120716).   Tropical; 13°C - 15°C (Ref. 120716)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Atlantic: Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 120716); 5.7 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 27. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D X, 15-16 with last dorsal spine the longest, 1.8-2.2 in head length and the 7th dorsal ray the longest, 2.65-2.80 in head length; A 9; pored lateral-line scales 32-35; ventral scale rows 9-10; body is slender and compressed, with greatest depth 2.96-3.18 in SL, width 1.77-2.09 in depth. Phylogenetic analysis shows the new species belongs to Tosanoides and differs of the other known species by: a divergence of at least 12.35% at the cytochrome oxidase I gene, last dorsal spine the longest (instead first through fourth), fewer dorsal-fin rays (15-16 vs. 16-17), and more anal-fin rays (9 vs. 8) (Ref. 120716)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on mesophotic coral ecosystems of the island and observed while rebreather diving. A single observation at 260 m depth was taken from a submersible dive. It inhabits small crevices of complex rocky reefs. Ambient seawater temperature at the collecting depth (ca. 120 m) varied between 13 and 15 °C during the two-week observation period (Ref. 120716).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Pinheiro, H.T., C. Rocha and L.A. Rocha, 2018. Tosanoides aphrodite, a new species from mesophotic coral ecosystems of St. Paul’s Rocks, Mid Atlantic Ridge (Perciformes, Serranidae, Anthiadinae). ZooKeys 786:105-115. (Ref. 120716)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00384 - 0.02270), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):   (0 of 100) .