Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: aphrodite: Named for the Greek goddess of love and beauty; referring to the enchanting beauty of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 100 - 260 m (Ref. 120716), usually 100 - 130 m (Ref. 120716). Tropical; 13°C - 15°C (Ref. 120716)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Southwest Atlantic: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 120716); 5.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 27. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D X, 15-16 with last dorsal spine the longest, 1.8-2.2 in head length and the 7th dorsal ray the longest, 2.65-2.80 in head length; A 9; pored lateral-line scales 32-35; ventral scale rows 9-10; body is slender and compressed, with greatest depth 2.96-3.18 in SL, width 1.77-2.09 in depth. Phylogenetic analysis shows the new species belongs to Tosanoides and differs of the other known species by: a divergence of at least 12.35% at the cytochrome oxidase I gene, last dorsal spine the longest (instead first through fourth), fewer dorsal-fin rays (15-16 vs. 16-17), and more anal-fin rays (9 vs. 8) (Ref. 120716)
Found on mesophotic coral ecosystems of the island and observed while rebreather diving. A single observation at 260 m depth was taken from a submersible dive. It inhabits small crevices of complex rocky reefs. Ambient seawater temperature at the collecting depth (ca. 120 m) varied between 13 and 15 °C during the two-week observation period (Ref. 120716).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pinheiro, H.T., C. Rocha and L.A. Rocha, 2018. Tosanoides aphrodite, a new species from mesophotic coral ecosystems of St. Paul’s Rocks, Mid Atlantic Ridge (Perciformes, Serranidae, Anthiadinae). ZooKeys 786:105-115. (Ref. 120716)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00394 - 0.02313), b=2.97 (2.76 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): (0 of 100) .