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Chindongo bellicosus Li, Konings & Stauffer, 2016

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: bellicosus: The name bellicosus is Latin for 'warlike' or 'fond of war' and refers to the aggressive behaviour of the species (Ref. 119465).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Malawi in Malawi (Ref. 119465).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119465)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 9. Diagnosis: The possession of following characteristics place this species in Chindongo: the presence of bicuspid teeth in the outer row of both upper and lower jaws; a vomer without a bulbous rostral tip and angled 53-68° with the parasphenoid; and small mouth with isognathic to slightly retrognathic jaws (Ref. 119465). Morphologically Chindongo bellicosus is difficult to distinguish from most congenerics, but male and female colour patterns provide usable distinctions between most of them; C. bellicosus is characterized by 6-8 dark,vertical bars below the dorsal fin and is thus distinguished from C. demasoni, 4 bars, and C. saulosi, 5 bars; it is further distinguished from the latter species by a shallower body, body depth 22.8-30.9% of standard length vs. 31.3-37.0% in C. saulosi; female and juvenile male C. bellicosus have light beige to bluish ground colour and are distinguished from those of C. saulosi and C. heteropictus which are entirely yellow, and from those of C. demasoni which are blue with black bars and from female C. socolofi which are light blue without bars; Chindingo bellicosus is distinguished from C. minutus by a larger number of gill rakers on the first ceratobranchial, 10-13 vs. 7 in C. minutus, and by a shallower body, body depth 22.8-30.9% of standard length vs. 31.1-35.5% in C. minutus; it can be distinguished from C. elongatus by its incomplete barring pattern that lacks bars on the posterior half of the flank and on the caudal peduncle while both male and female C. elongatus exhibit a bar pattern over the full length of the flank and caudal peduncle; it can be distinguished from C. ater by its barring pattern which is still visible in very dark individuals while absent in male C. ater; females of the latter species may sometimes show a few faint bars but their body colouration is blue, lacking any yellow pigment, while that of female C. bellicosus always contains yellow pigment; Chindongo cyaneus is distinguished from C. bellicosus by the yellow cheek and breast which is black in male and gray to brown in female C. bellicosus; male C. flavus differ from those of C. bellicosus by their bright yellow/mustard ground colour, but females can have a similar colouration; female C. bellicosus have on average a deeper cheek than those of C. flavus, 25.6% of head length vs. 20.7%, but the ranges are overlapping, 21.6-30.9% of head length vs. 17.4-23.4%; male C. bellicosus are distinguished from those of C. longior by a black cheek and breast while this is fawn to gray-brown in C. longior; female C. longior are fawn with distinct black margins in the dorsal and anal fins while similar-coloured females of C. bellicosus lack such distinct black margins (Ref. 119465).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Li, S., A.F. Konings and J.R. Stauffer Jr., 2016. A revision of the Pseudotropheus elongatus species group (Teleostei: Cichlidae) with description of a new genus and seven new species. Zootaxa 4168(2):353-381. (Ref. 119465)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 June 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00684 - 0.03200), b=2.98 (2.80 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).