Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Geophagus: Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335); diamantinensis: The name diamantinensis refers to the Chapada Diamantina, a high plateau with predominance of Caatinga vegetation in northeastern Brazil, where the species is endemic (Ref. 118113).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: currently known only from the upper section of the Paraguaçu river basin, Chapada Diamantina, north-eastern Brazil (Ref. 118113).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118113)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 27 - 28. Diagnosis: Geophagus diamantinensis is distinguished from all other species of the Geophagus brasiliensis species group by having the urohyal bone with a gentle anterior constriction (vs. strong constriction); presence of a small dark brow mark just posterior to pectoral fin (vs. absence); presence of a horizontal dark brown band on snout (vs. absence); and head more slender, head depth 77-86 % HL (vs. 87-122); G. diamantinensis is distinguished from G. itapicuruensis by having XIV spines on the dorsal-fin (vs. XIII), and from G. obscurus by having subterminal mouth (vs. terminal) (Ref. 118113).
Stomach content revealed that G. diamantinensis is insectivorous and feeds mainly on autochthonous resources; the main stomach contents included the following insect orders: Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Coleoptera, Trichoptera and Odonata; in addition, a residual content of vegetal material was also found (Ref. 118113).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mattos, J.L.O., W.J.E.M. Costa and A.C.A. Santos, 2015. Geophagus diamantinensis, a new species of the G. brasiliensis species group from Chapada Diamantina, north-eastern Brazil (Cichlidae: Geophagini). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 26(3):209-220. (Ref. 118113)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00793 - 0.04175), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .